Learn about Daffodils and Narcissi
The first question on many people’s minds is:- What is the difference between a daffodil and narcissi? Well in truth, daffodils are classified by grouping them into 11 main divisions (Division 12 and 13 is used for daffodils, which do not fit into other divisions or are just known by their botanical name). The varieties of daffodils in some of these divisions are often also referred to as Narcissi.
The 13 Divisions can be explained briefly as:
Division 1 Trumpet daffodils
Division 2 Large cupped daffodils
Division 3 Small cupped daffodils
Division 4 Double daffodils
Division 5 Triandus daffodils (also referred to as narcissi)
Division 6 Cyclamineus daffodils (also referred to as narcissi)
Division 7 Jonquilla and Apodanthus daffodils
Division 8 Tazetta daffodils
Division 9 Poeticus daffodils (also referred to as narcissi)
Division 10 Bulbocodium daffodils
Division 11 Split-corona daffodils a) Collar daffodils b) Papillon daffodils
Division 12 Daffodils that do not fit into any of the other divisions
Division 13 Daffodils distinguished solely by botanical name
The fact is daffodils come in a huge range of different types, sizes and colours. You will also note that some bulb varieties are scented and produce a rich fragrance when they flower. All this information you can of course find on the daffodil bulbs we have listed in our range.
The other key point to remember with many varieties of daffodils is that they naturalise very well (see info and articles on naturalising bulbs) and as such are ideal for those difficult areas in the garden or in places that you do not wish to disturb each year.
Prepare the soil prior to planting to a depth of 30cm (12”) adding in some well rotted manure or compost if possible. On heavier soils, add a couple of handfuls of grit under each daffodil bulb before planting to improve drainage. Plant the bulbs 15cm deep and 10cm to 15cm apart if they are the larger daffodil varieties. For the smaller miniature daffodils plant 10 cm deep and 8cm apart. Plant bulbs in a sunny or partially shaded location. Planting in partial shade will ensure a longer flowering period.
Bulbs may need to be watered if the soil becomes very dry during the growing period (when first signs of growth are seen) but in general, the wet months of winter provide them with plenty of moisture. After the daffodils have flowered, ensure that you add a proprietary fertiliser, which will provide the bulbs with the nutrients that they need for next years growth. It is essential at this point that you do not remove the leaves until they become brown and shrivelled, as they help put the nutrients back into the bulb for next years flowering.
Daffodils in pots
The best varieties for pot growing are the miniature varieties such as Tete a Tete, Jetfire and February Gold. However, most of the varieties shown on our site perform very well in containers, but if you have any specific queries please contact us. When growing in pots ensure that you put plenty of crocks in the bottom of the pot to provide good drainage. Bulbs can of course be planted touching each other if required. When using pots remember to select a pot that will remain stable when the taller daffodils are flowering. If after flowering the daffodils are left in the containers for the following year, please ensure they are protected from any frost.
Daffodils as noted earlier are very good at naturalising so do not need to be lifted each year. They will benefit from a good layer of mulch over the winter months to protect against severe frost.
After flowering for a number of years, you may find that the daffodils produce lots of leaves but no flowers - this is referred to as blind. The reason for this is usually that they have become overcrowded. Lift the clumps of daffodils and split them apart into clusters of three or four bulbs, and replant in a new spot or in the same spot after the soil as been prepared as stated above. This is best done when the foliage is still on the blind daffodils (do not bury the foliage with the bulbs) and a dressing of fertiliser should be added.